Skip to Main Content
Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) Systems are becoming increasingly important and finding application in diverse areas of discipline. Due to disturbing factors present in images, e.g. non-uniform illumination and lightening intensities, the retrieval results are not always satisfactory. In this paper, we discuss how fuzzy set theory can be used to formulate an efficient image signature. This signature is 1-D Fuzzy Color Histogram (FCH) consisting of a small number of bins. The signature is obtained from image contents by considering the contribution of each pixels color to all the histogram bins through the use of fuzzy-sets membership functions. Experimental results on a database of over 10,000 images demonstrate that the proposed system is less sensitive light intensity changes and more robust than the Conventional Color Histogram (CCH) in retrieval precision.