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A noise reference input to an adaptive filter algorithm for signal processing in a wearable pulse oximeter

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2 Author(s)
Comtois, G. ; Worcester Polytech. Inst., Worcester ; Mendelson, Y.

A wearable battery-operated pulse oximeter has been developed for rapid field triage applications. The wearable system comprises three units: a small (Phi = 22 mm) and lightweight (4.5 g) reflectance-mode optical sensor module (SM), a receiver module (RM), and personal digital assistant (PDA). The information acquired by the forehead-mounted SM is transmitted wirelessly via a RF link to the waist-worn RM which processes the data and transmits it wirelessly to the PDA. Since photoplethysmographic (PPG)-based measurements, which are used by the pulse oximeter to determine arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and heart rate (HR), can be degraded significantly during motion, the implementation of a reliable pulse oximeter for field applications requires sophisticated noise rejection algorithms. To minimize the effects of motion artifacts, which can lead to measurement dropouts, inaccurate readings and false alarms, a 16"'-order, least-mean squares (LMS), adaptive noise canceling (ANC) algorithm was implemented off-line in Matlab to process the PPG signals. This algorithm was selected because its computational requirement is comparable to a finite impulse response filter. Filter parameters were optimized for computational speed and measurement accuracy. A tri-axial MEMS accelerometer (ACC) served as a noise reference input to the ANC algorithm.

Published in:

Bioengineering Conference, 2007. NEBC '07. IEEE 33rd Annual Northeast

Date of Conference:

10-11 March 2007