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Spatiotemporal Sensing in Cognitive Radio Networks

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4 Author(s)
Ganesan, G. ; Georgia Tech., Atlanta ; Ye Li ; Bing, B. ; Shaoqian Li

Cognitive radio networks need to continuously monitor spectrum to detect the presence of the licensed users. In this paper, we have exploited spatial diversity in multiuser networks to improve the spectrum sensing capabilities of centralized cognitive radio (CR) networks. We develop a fixed and a variable relay sensing scheme. The fixed relay scheme employs a relay that has a fixed location to help the cognitive network base station detect the presence of the primary user. The variable relay sensing scheme employs cognitive users distributed at various locations as relays to sense data and to improve the detection capabilities. This effectively reduces the average detection time by exploiting spatial diversity inherent in multiuser networks. Finally, we study the network outage probabilities to compare the performances of the fixed and variable relay schemes.

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Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 1 )