Skip to Main Content
This paper presents a study on quantitative dynamics analysis of human lower limb using developed wearable sensor systems that can measure reaction force and detect the following gait phases: initial contact, loading response, mid stance, terminal stance, pre-swing, initial swing, mid swing and terminal swing. Since conventional camera-based motion analysis system and reaction force plate system require costly devices, vast space as well as time-consuming calibration experiments, the wearable sensor-based system is much cheaper. Gyroscopes and two-axis accelerometers are incorporated in this wearable sensor system. The former are attached on the surface of the foot, shank and thigh to measure the angular velocity of each segment, and the latter are used to measure inclination of the attached leg segment (shank) in every single human motion cycle for recalibration. Ground reaction forces during human walking are synchronously measured using a wearable force sensor integrated in a shoes mechanism. Finally, experiment has been performed to compare the measurement results from the wearable sensor system with the data obtained from an optical motion analysis system and a force plate. The results showed that the measurement of human lower limb orientations and reaction forces for human dynamics analysis could be reliably implemented using the wearable sensor systems.