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Spectrum sensing in a very low SNR environment (less than -20 dB) is considered in this paper. We make use of the noise rejection property of the cyclostationary spectrum. The sensing algorithms are based on measurement of the cyclic spectrum of the received signals. The statistics of the cyclic spectrum of the stationary white Gaussian process are fully analyzed for three measurement methods of the cyclic spectrum. The application to IEEE 802.22 WRAN is presented and the probability of false alarm is analytically derived. The operating characteristic curves for the sensing algorithms are determined from computer simulations using ATSC A/74 DTV signal captures as a test database.
Date of Conference: 26-30 Nov. 2007