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This paper addresses the problem of optimal training for joint carrier frequency offset (CFO) and channel estimation in multiuser MIMO OFDM systems, where each user can utilize all available subcarriers. To choose the training sequence with the goal of providing the smallest estimation mean square error (MSE), the Cramer-Rao bound (CRB) is derived in close-form. However, little insight on the sequence selection can be obtained from the CRB directly due to its complicated dependence on training sequence and channel parameters. To proceed, asymptotic CRB, which has a much simpler dependence on the training, is derived. It is found that the optimal training sequences should be individually white and uncorrelated with each other. Simulation results illustrate the merits of the proposed training design.
Date of Conference: 26-30 Nov. 2007