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A systematic approach for 2D-image to 3D-range registration in urban environments

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2 Author(s)
Lingyun Liu ; Hunter College of the City University of New York, New York, NY 10065 ; Ioannis Stamos

The photorealistic modeling of large-scale objects, such as urban scenes, requires the combination of range sensing technology and digital photography. In this paper, we attack the key problem of camera pose estimation, in an automatic and efficient way. First, the camera orientation is recovered by matching vanishing points (extracted from 2D images) with 3D directions (derived from a 3D range model). Then, a hypothesis-and-test algorithm computes the camera positions with respect to the 3D range model by matching corresponding 2D and 3D linear features. The camera positions are further optimized by minimizing a line-to-line distance. The advantage of our method over earlier work has to do with the fact we do not need to rely on extracted planar facades, or other higher-order features; we are utilizing low- level linear features. That makes this method more general, robust, and efficient. Our method can also be enhanced by the incorporation of traditional structure-from-motion algorithms. We have also developed a user-interface for allowing users to accurately texture-map 2D images onto 3D range models at interactive rates. We have tested our system in a large variety of urban scenes.

Published in:

2007 IEEE 11th International Conference on Computer Vision

Date of Conference:

14-21 Oct. 2007