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Support Kernel Machines for Object Recognition

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2 Author(s)
Kumar, A. ; Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia ; Sminchisescu, C.

Kernel classifiers based on Support Vector Machines (SVM) have recently achieved state-of-the art results on several popular datasets like Caltech or Pascal. This was possible by combining the advantages of SVM - convexity and the availability of efficient optimizers, with 'hyperkernels' - linear combinations of kernels computed at multiple levels of image encoding. The use of hyperkernels faces the challenge of choosing the kernel weights, the use of possibly irrelevant, poorly performing kernels, and an increased number of parameters that can lead to overfitting. In this paper we advocate the transition from SVMs to Support Kernel Machines (SKM) - models that estimate both the parameters of a sparse linear combination of kernels, and the parameters of a discriminative classifier. We exploit recent kernel learning techniques, not previously used in computer vision, that show how learning SKMs can be formulated as a convex optimization problem, which can be solved efficiently using Sequential Minimal Optimization. We study kernel learning for several multi-level image encodings for supervised object recognition and report competitive results on several datasets, including INRIA pedestrian, Caltech 101 and the newly created Caltech 256.

Published in:

Computer Vision, 2007. ICCV 2007. IEEE 11th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

14-21 Oct. 2007