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A broadband quadrature power splitter (QPS) is developed using the metamaterial transmission line (MM TL). It consists of a Wilkinson power divider and two phase-adjusting TLs, namely a MM TL and a microstrip (MS). The slope of the phase-response curve of the MM TL is synthesized to be the same as that of the MS along with the 90deg phase increment at two design frequencies. Hence, the broadband quadrature phase difference over the desired frequency range can be obtained. In this letter, the QPS is developed at the center frequency of 2 GHz. Over the frequency range of 1.1-3.5 GHz, an amplitude imbalance of less than 0.9 dB and a phase error of less than plusmn5deg have been experimentally demonstrated.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2008