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LDC in MIMO Ricean Channels: Optimal Transmit Strategy With MMSE Detection

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3 Author(s)
Sezgin, A. ; Stanford Univ., Stanford ; Jorswieck, E.A. ; Costa, E.

In this paper, we study a MIMO system with a transmitter using a linear dispersion code (LDC) and a linear minimum mean square-error (MMSE) detector at the receiver in a Ricean flat-fading environment. We assume that the receiver has perfect channel state information and the transmitter knows only the mean channel matrix either by feedback or channel estimation. The focus of our work is the analysis of the optimal transmit strategy using different types of LDC. On the one hand, we consider spatial multiplexing schemes that achieve high data rates, but sacrifice diversity. On the other hand, we have schemes that achieve full diversity like quasi-orthogonal space-time block codes or orthogonal space-time block code. Depending on the LDC in use, the optimization problem is either convex or nonconvex. For both of these classes of LDC, we first derive the properties of the average normalized MSE and then analyze the impact of the mean component on the MSE, the optimal transmit strategy and the optimal power allocation. Finally, we derive some bounds on the error rate performance for different scenarios with the MMSE receiver.

Published in:

Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 1 )