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Finite-Element Transient Analysis of Induction Motors Under Mixed Eccentricity Fault

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4 Author(s)

In a three-phase squirrel-cage induction motor, eccentricity is a common fault that can make it necessary to remove the motor from the production line. However, because the motor may be inaccessible, diagnosing the fault is not easy. We have developed a time-stepping finite-element method (FEM) that identifies mixed eccentricity (a combination of static and dynamic) by analysis, without direct access to the motor. The method overcomes the difficulty of applying FEMs to transient behavior. It simulates the spectrum of the line current of a production-line motor and compares it to the spectrum of a known healthy motor to detect eccentricity. Agreement between the simulation and actual measurements of eccentricity is good.Protection and fault diagnosis are integral to sound application of three-phase squirrel-cage induction motors in industry. Eccentricity is a common fault in induction motors that might force the motor to be removed from the production line. However, diagnosis of this fault due to inaccessibility to the rotor is not easy. Performance analysis, investigation and diagnosis of static, dynamic and mixed eccentricities at steady-state and during transient modes have already been published using analytical methods. However, study of static and dynamic eccentricities only at steady-state using finite element method (FEM) has been previously reported. This paper uses time stepping FE (TSFE) method with voltage-fed source for performance analysis and diagnosis of mixed eccentricity in induction motor at start up. The method used here overcomes the difficulty of FE application which makes it possible to analyze the transient behavior of a faulty induction motor. Spectra of line current of healthy motor and motor under mixed eccentricity conditions are predicted by simulation and then compared with the experimental results. This comparison shows a very good agreement between the simulation and test results.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 1 )