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A list extension for a fixed-complexity sphere decoder (FSD) to perform iterative detection and decoding in turbo-multiple input-multiple output (MIMO) systems is proposed in this paper. The algorithm obtains a list of candidates that can be used to calculate likelihood information about the transmitted bits required by the outer decoder. The list FSD (LFSD) overcomes the two main problems of the list sphere decoder (LSD), namely, its variable complexity and the sequential nature of its tree search. It combines a search through a very small subset of the complete transmit constellation and a specific channel matrix ordering to approximate the soft- quality of the list of candidates obtained by the LSD. A simple method is proposed to generate that subset, extending the subset searched by the original FSD. Simulation results show that the LFSD can be used to approach the performance of the LSD while having a lower and fixed complexity, making the algorithm suitable for hardware implementation.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2008