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Numerous scale-invariant feature matching algorithms using scale-space analysis have been proposed for use with perspective cameras, where scale-space is defined as convolution with a Gaussian. The contribution of this work is a method suitable for use with wide angle cameras. Given an input image, we map it to the unit sphere and obtain scale-space images by convolution with the solution of the spherical diffusion equation on the sphere which we implement in the spherical Fourier domain. Using such an approach, the scale-space response of a point in space is independent of its position on the image plane for a camera subject to pure rotation. Scale-invariant features are then found as local extrema in scale-space. Given this set of scale-invariant features, we then generate feature descriptors by considering a circular support region defined on the sphere whose size is selected relative to the feature scale. We compare our method to a naive implementation of SIFT where the image is treated as perspective, where our results show an improvement in matching performance.
Date of Conference: Oct. 29 2007-Nov. 2 2007