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Development of Tracking Detectors With Industrially Produced GEM Foils

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13 Author(s)
Simon, F. ; Massachusetts Inst. of Technol., Cambridge ; Azmoun, B. ; Becker, U. ; Burns, L.
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The planned tracking upgrade of the STAR experiment at RHIC includes a large-area GEM tracker used to determine the charge sign of electrons and positrons produced from W+(-) decays. For such a large-scale project commercial availability of GEM foils is necessary. We report first results obtained with a triple GEM detector using GEM foils produced by Tech-Etch Inc. of Plymouth, MA. Measurements of gain uniformity, long-term stability as well as measurements of the energy resolution for X-rays are compared to results obtained with an identical detector using GEM foils produced at CERN. A quality assurance procedure based on optical tests using an automated high-resolution scanner has been established, allowing a study of the correlation of the observed behavior of the detector and the geometrical properties of the GEM foils. Detectors based on Tech-Etch and CERN produced foils both show good uniformity of the gain over the active area and stable gain after an initial charge-up period, making them well suited for precision tracking applications.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 6 )