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In this paper, we introduce a novel way of performing real-valued optimization in the complex domain. This framework enables a direct complex optimization technique when the cost function satisfies the Brandwood's independent analyticity condition. In particular, this technique has been used to derive three algorithms, namely, kurtosis maximization using gradient update (KM-G), kurtosis maximization using fixed-point update (KM-F), and kurtosis maximization using Newton update (KM-N), to perform the complex independent component analysis (ICA) based on the maximization of the complex kurtosis cost function. The derivation and related analysis of the three algorithms are performed in the complex domain without using any complex-real mapping for differentiation and optimization. A general complex Newton rule is also derived for developing the KM-N algorithm. The real conjugate gradient algorithm is extended to the complex domain similar to the derivation of complex Newton rule. The simulation results indicate that the fixed-point version (KM-F) and gradient version (KM-G) are superior to other similar algorithms when the sources include both circular and noncircular distributions and the dimension is relatively high.
Date of Publication: March 2008