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This paper describe a new algorithm for transformer differential protection, based on pattern recognition of the differential current obtained as the phasor sum of the current-transformer secondary currents. The algorithm uses principal component analysis to preprocess data from the power system in order to eliminate redundant information and enhance hidden pattern in differential current to discriminate between internal faults (transformer differential protection zone) from inrush and overexcitation conditions. The algorithm was proven using PSCAD/EMTDC simulations in a three-phase power system considering critical fault cases. The results show the feasibility to implement this algorithm for transformer differential protection.