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This paper proposes a cooperation strategy among rational nodes in a wireless cooperative relaying network as an effort to solve two basic problems, i.e., when to cooperate and how to cooperate. First, a symmetric system model comprising two users and an access point (AP) is presented. In this model, each user plays an equal role and acts as a source as well as a potential relay and has the right to decide the amount of bandwidth it should contribute for cooperation. Second, referring to the cooperative game theory, the above problems are formulated as a two-person bargaining problem. Then, a cooperation bandwidth allocation strategy based on the Nash bargaining solution is proposed, in which if a derived condition is satisfied, users will cooperatively work, and each will share a certain fraction of its bandwidth for relaying; otherwise, they will independently work. Simulation results demonstrate that when cooperation takes place, users benefit from the proposed strategy in terms of utility, and those with longer distance to the AP should spend more bandwidth to cooperate with others.
Date of Publication: July 2008