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Performance of a Cryocooled Nb DC Programmable Voltage Standard at 4 K

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3 Author(s)
Webber, R.J. ; Hypres Inc., Elmsford ; Burroughs, C.J. ; Radparvar, M.

We report on the performance of a 1-V dc programmable Josephson voltage standard (PJVS) operating on a commercially available Gifford-McMahon cryocooler at 4 K. The NIST-fabricated niobium superconductor-normal metal-superconductor junction chip has been shown to operate successfully as integrated with this cryopackage, generating 1.229 V at the maximum operating frequency of 19.364 GHz with Shapiro steps at constant voltage that are flat to within less than 100 nV. Because of the large operating margin (greater than 1 mA), these steps were highly stable and immune from noise. Differences in behavior of the PJVS in liquid helium and on the cryocooler are discussed. This demonstration paves the way towards automated warming and cooling of the Josephson device and a fully automated voltage standard system.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 4 )