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Real-Time Signal Processing of Infrasound Data Using 1D Wavelet Transform on FPGA Device

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2 Author(s)
Jose Chilo ; Royal Institute of Technology, AlbaNova, S-106 91 Stockholm; University of Gävle S-80176 Gävle, Sweden, e-mail: jco@hig.se ; Thomas Lindblad

Infrasound is a low frequency acoustic phenomenon typically in the frequency range 0.01 to 20 Hz. Data collected from infrasound microphones are presented online by the infrasound monitoring system operating in Northern Europe,Swedish-Finnish Infrasound Network (SFIN). Processing the continuous flow of data to extract optimal feature information is important. Using wavelet decomposition as a tool for removing noise from the real-time signals is an alternative. The purpose of this paper is to present the design and FPGA implementation of Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) for real-time infrasound data processing, in which only two FIR filters, a high-pass and a low-pass filter, are used. With the filter reuse method and techniques such as pipeline, basic operations, by the language VHDL on the platform QUARTUS II,FPGA simulation and implementation are fulfilled. This implementation takes advantage from the low sampling rate used by the infrasound monitoring system that is only 18 Hz.

Published in:

Real-Time Conference, 2007 15th IEEE-NPSS

Date of Conference:

April 29 2007-May 4 2007