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Recently a growing interest has been seen in minimally invasive treatments with open configuration magnetic resonance (open-MR) scanners. In this paper, we proposed a semi-automatic non-rigid MR-CT registration technique for MR-guided liver cancer surgery in which cancer tissues are coagulated by microwave ablation. Because of the lower magnetic field (0.5 T) and various different surgical conditions, sometimes tumors can not be visualized clearly on open-MR volumes. Combining of CT volumes acquired before surgery, it is possible to identify the tumor's location by application of registration techniques. Since such a registration problem belongs to a non-rigid one considering the easy deformation of livers, free-form deformation (FFD) based registration method is applied. Similarity measurement in registration is normalized mutual information (NMI). Experiments show that the registration is accurate enough (ap.45 mm) for liver cancer surgery given some proper processing steps.
Date of Conference: 23-27 May 2007