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A \Delta \Sigma -Digitized Polar RF Transmitter

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8 Author(s)
Jinsung Choi ; Pohang Univ. of Sci. & Technol., Pohang ; Jounghyun Yim ; Jinho Yang ; Jingook Kim
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This paper demonstrates a new polar transmitter architecture, which uses the digitized envelope signal to control the drain voltage of a switching mode power amplifier (PA). It is based on a novel polar modulation using the constant envelope modulated signal. Among the various constant envelope modulators, the DeltaSigma modulator is chosen for its noise-shaping characteristic. It enables the use of a highly efficient switching amplifier with high linearity. For demonstration, the overall transmitter is implemented and tested with a code-division multiple-access IS-95A signal. The class-D and class-F amplifiers are designed and compared for the optimum operation. The experimental results show that the amplifier with small device size is suitable for this application because of the fast switching requirement. For the class-F amplifier, the measured power-added efficiency is 51.7% at 22.1 dBm and the overall efficiency (considering the amplified quantization noise) is 31%. The adjacent channel power ratios at 885 kHz and 1.98 MHz are lower than -44.9 and -55.6 dBc at the output power range from 10.8 to 22.1 dBm without any pre-distortion techniques. The overall efficiency is improved to 48.6% with a three-level quantized DeltaSigma modulator. The results clearly show that the highly efficient switching mode PA can be controlled efficiently using a digital signal from the DeltaSigma envelope modulation technique.

Published in:

Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 12 )
RFIC Virtual Journal, IEEE