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Dimensionality Reduction Based on Clonal Selection for Hyperspectral Imagery

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5 Author(s)

A new stochastic search strategy inspired by the clonal selection theory in an artificial immune system is proposed for dimensionality reduction of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery. The clonal selection theory is employed to describe the basic features of an immune response to an antigenic stimulus in order to meet the requirement of diversity in the antibody population. In our proposed strategy, dimensionality reduction is formulated as an optimization problem that searches an optimum with less number of features in a feature space. In line with this novel strategy, a feature subset search algorithm, clonal selection Feature-Selection (CSFS) algorithm, and a feature-weighting algorithm, Clonal-Selection Feature-Weighting (CSFW) algorithm, have been developed. In the CSFS, each solution is evolved in binary space, and the value of each bit is either 0 or 1, which indicates that the corresponding feature is either removed or selected, respectively. In CSFW, each antibody is directly represented by a string consisting of integer numbers and their corresponding weights. These algorithms are compared with the following four well-known algorithms: sequential forward selection, sequential forward floating selection, genetic-algorithm-based feature selection, and decision-boundary feature extraction using the hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery acquired by the Pushbroom Hyperspectral Imager and the Airborne Visible/Infrared Imaging Spectrometer, respectively. Experimental results demonstrate that CSFS and CSFW outperform other algorithms and hence provide effective new options for dimensionality reduction of hyperspectral remote-sensing imagery.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 12 )