By Topic

Mitosis: A Speculative Multithreaded Processor Based on Precomputation Slices

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

8 Author(s)
Madriles, C. ; Intel-UPC Barcelona Res. Center, Intel Corp., Barcelona ; Garcia-Quinones, C. ; Sanchez, J. ; Marcuello, P.
more authors

This paper presents the Mitosis framework, which is a combined hardware-software approach to speculative multithreading, even in the presence of frequent dependences among threads. Speculative multithreading increases single-threaded application performance by exploiting thread-level parallelism speculatively, that is, executing code in parallel, even when the compiler or runtime system cannot guarantee that the parallelism exists. The proposed approach is based on predicting/computing thread input values via software through a piece of code that is added at the beginning of each thread (the precomputation slice). A precomputation slice is expected to compute the correct thread input values most of the time but not necessarily always. This allows aggressive optimization techniques to be applied to the slice to make it very short. This paper focuses on the microarchitecture that supports this execution model. The primary novelty of the microarchitecture is the hardware support for the execution and validation of precomputation slices. Additionally, this paper presents new architectures for the register file and the cache memory in order to support multiple versions of each variable and allow for efficient rollback in case of misspeculation. We show that the proposed microarchitecture, together with the compiler support, achieves an average speedup of 2.2 for applications that conventional nonspeculative approaches are not able to parallelize at all.

Published in:

Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:19 ,  Issue: 7 )