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Summary of Distributed Resources Impact on Power Delivery Systems

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5 Author(s)
Walling, R.A. ; GE Energy's Energy Consulting Group, Schenectady, NY ; Saint, R. ; Dugan, R.C. ; Burke, J.
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Because traditional electric power distribution systems have been designed assuming the primary substation is the sole source of power and short-circuit capacity, DR interconnection results in operating situations that do not occur in a conventional system. This paper discusses several system issues which may be encountered as DR penetrates into distribution systems. The voltage issues covered are the DR impact on system voltage, interaction of DR and capacitor operations, and interaction of DR and voltage regulator and LTC operations. Protection issues include fuse coordination, feeding faults after utility protection opens, impact of DR on interrupting rating of devices, faults on adjacent feeders, fault detection, ground source impacts, single phase interruption on three phase line, recloser coordination and conductor burndown. Loss of power grid is also discussed, including vulnerability and overvoltages due to islanding and coordination with reclosing. Also covered separately are system restoration and network issues.

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 3 )