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On the Design of a Programmable-Gain Amplifier With Built-In Compact DC-Offset Cancellers for Very Low-Voltage WLAN Systems

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3 Author(s)
Pui-In Mak ; Univ. of Macau, Macau ; Seng-Pan U ; Martins, R.P.

Two circuit techniques adopted in the design of an embedded programmable-gain amplifier (PGA) for very low-voltage (LV) wireless local-area network systems are presented. A switched-current-resistor (SCR) technique minimizes the bandwidth variation and the transient in gain tuning by stabilizing, concurrently, the PGA's feedback factor and quiescent-operating point. Another technique, inside-opamp dc-offset canceller (DOC), embeds inside the PGA's opamp a subthreshold-biased - integrator for extracting its output dc-offset, while negatively feeding the correction (current) signal back to the opamp at an inherent low-impedance node. The resultant main benefits are: 1) the chip area, for realizing the large time constant in dc-offset extraction, is very small and 2) the lower cutoff of the PGA and the DOC-induced nonlinearity and noise are all suppressed by an amount of the loop gain in closed-loop formation. A 1-V three-stage 52-dB gain range PGA reinforcing such two techniques was designed and fabricated in a 3.3-V 0.35- CMOS process. It consumes 7.4 mW of power while measuring gain-switching transient and IIP3. The means of the lower and upper cutoffs (averaged over 52-dB gain steps) are 2.25 kHz and 17.1 MHz, respectively.

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Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 2 )