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A complete queueing model for radio link layer performance analysis is developed assuming adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) at the physical layer and truncated automatic repeat request (ARQ)-based error control at the link layer. From the model, queue length distribution and average queueing delay can be calculated. The average queueing delay is then used to estimate transmission control protocol (TCP) throughput performance using a fixed-point approach. Using the model, we are able to choose signal-to-noise ratio thresholds of different transmission modes for AMC at the physical layer for different persistence levels of ARQ at the link layer so that TCP throughput is maximized. We observe that channel correlation negatively impacts the TCP throughput performance. Also, throughput enhancement of TCP NewReno over TCP Reno is observed to be non-negligible only if no ARQ-based error recovery is employed at the link layer.