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The integration of the third generation (3G) wireless wide-area networks (WWAN) and the IEEE 802.11 wireless local-area networks (WLAN) has drawn much attention from both industry and academia. To achieve an effective and efficient integration between the two networks with very different characteristics, nonetheless, is still an open issue. One of the challenges is to provide an integrated strategy for achieving a seamless vertical handoff of mobile users roaming between the two network domains where the delay, delay jitter, and packet loss probability can be well controlled. This paper is committed to study a two-step vertical handoff mechanism based on linear regression which is further modeled through an analytical approach. The proposed vertical handoff scheme is characterized by its adaptability to different quality of service (QoS) requirements by manipulating a threshold on the expected handoff instant. A new approach of mobility analysis is introduced to facilitate modeling of vertical handoff delay by taking advantage of Markov chain techniques. We have seen merits gained in our scheme in achieving a good trade-off between the average handoff delay and the multi-tunnel time by manipulating a threshold value, where both analytical and simulation results prove the effectiveness.
Date of Conference: 1-5 Oct. 2006