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Modeling Directional Brightness Temperature of the Winter Wheat Canopy at the Ear Stage

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5 Author(s)
Yongming Du ; Chinese Acad. of Sci., Beijing ; Qinhuo Liu ; Liangfu Chen ; Qiang Liu
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The ear is the top layer of mature wheat and has very different geometric and thermal characteristics from that of leaves. Compared to the directional brightness temperature (DBT) of wheat canopy without ears, the DBT at the ear stage has specific features, and the ear effects could not be explained by previous models. This paper proposes a hybrid geometric optical and radiative transfer model to reveal the combined influences of the geometric structure of ears and leaf; the temperature distribution of ear, leaf, and soil; and the Sun-target-sensor geometry on the canopy DBT. The soil, leaf, and ear layers are taken into account in the model so it is named as the Soil Leaf Ear Combined (SLEC) DBT model. We compare the model prediction with the field measurement data. The results show that the new SLEC DBT model can simulate the DBT of wheat at the ear stage with an accuracy of 0.78 K.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 11 )