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This paper describes the design of very low noise, tunable, X-band dielectric resonator oscillators (DROs) demonstrating phase-noise performance of -135 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset. SiGe transistors are used for the oscillator sustaining amplifiers that offer a circulating power of 12 dBm and a gain of 5.4 dB per stage as well as a low flicker noise corner of 40 kHz. A variety of resonator configurations utilising BaTiO3 resonators are presented demonstrating unloaded Qs from 10 000 to 22 000. These resonators are optimised and coupled to the amplifiers for minimum phase noise where QL/Q0 = 1/2, and hence S21 = -6 dB. To incorporate tuning with low additional phase noise, a phase shifter is also investigated. The theory for the low noise oscillator design is included; experimental results demonstrate close correlation with the theory.
Date of Publication: October 2007