By Topic

Graphical Models of Residue Coupling in Protein Families

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Thomas, J. ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Dartmouth Coll., Hanover, NH ; Ramakrishnan, N. ; Bailey-Kellogg, C.

Many statistical measures and algorithmic techniques have been proposed for studying residue coupling in protein families. Generally speaking, two residue positions are considered coupled if, in the sequence record, some of their amino acid type combinations are significantly more common than others. While the proposed approaches have proven useful in finding and describing coupling, a significant missing component is a formal probabilistic model that explicates and compactly represents the coupling, integrates information about sequence, structure, and function, and supports inferential procedures for analysis, diagnosis, and prediction. We present an approach to learning and using probabilistic graphical models of residue coupling (GMRCs). These models capture significant conservation and coupling constraints observable in a multiply aligned set of sequences. Our approach can place a structural prior on considered couplings, so that all identified relationships have direct mechanistic explanations. It can also incorporate information about functional classes, and thereby learn a differential graphical model that distinguishes constraints common to all classes from those unique to individual classes. Such differential models separately account for class-specific conservation and family- wide coupling, two different sources of sequence covariation. They are then able to perform interpretable functional classification of new sequences, explaining classification decisions in terms of the underlying conservation and coupling constraints. We apply our approach in studying both G protein-coupled receptors and PDZ domains, identifying and analyzing family-wide and class-specific constraints, and performing functional classification. The results demonstrate that GMRCs provide a powerful tool for uncovering, representing, and utilizing significant sequence-structure-function relationships in protein families.

Published in:

Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, IEEE/ACM Transactions on  (Volume:5 ,  Issue: 2 )