Skip to Main Content
For communication over doubly dispersive channels, we consider the design of multicarrier modulation (MCM) schemes based on time-frequency shifts of prototype pulses. We consider the case where the receiver knows the channel state and the transmitter knows the channel statistics (e.g., delay spread and Doppler spread) but not the channel state. Previous work has examined MCM pulses designed for suppression of inter-symbol/inter-carrier interference (ISI/ICI) subject to orthogonal or biorthogonal constraints. In doubly dispersive channels, however, complete suppression of ISI/ICI is impossible, and the ISI/ICI pattern generated by these (bi)orthogonal schemes can be difficult to equalize, especially when operating at high bandwidth efficiency. We propose a different approach to MCM pulse design, whereby a limited expanse of ISI/ICI is tolerated in modulation/demodulation and treated near-optimally by a downstream equalizer. Specifically, we propose MCM pulse designs that maximize a signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) which suppresses ISI/ICI outside a target pattern. In addition, we propose two low-complexity turbo equalizers, based on minimum mean-squared error and maximum likelihood criteria, respectively, that leverage the structure of the target ISI/ICI pattern. The resulting system exhibits an excellent combination of low complexity, low bit-error rate, and high spectral efficiency.
Date of Publication: Dec. 2007