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UCS is a supervised learning classifier system that was introduced in 2003 for classification in data mining tasks. The representation of a rule in UCS as a univariate classification rule is straightforward for a human to understand. However, the system may require a large number of rules to cover the input space. Artificial neural networks (NNs), on the other hand, normally provide a more compact representation. However, it is not a straightforward task to understand the network. In this paper, we propose a novel way to incorporate NNs into UCS. The approach offers a good compromise between compactness, expressiveness, and accuracy. By using a simple artificial NN as the classifier's action, we obtain a more compact population size, better generalization, and the same or better accuracy while maintaining a reasonable level of expressiveness. We also apply negative correlation learning (NCL) during the training of the resultant NN ensemble. NCL is shown to improve the generalization of the ensemble.