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Analysis and Focusing of Bistatic Airborne SAR Data

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3 Author(s)
Nies, H. ; Siegen Univ., Siegen ; Loffeld, O. ; Natroshvili, K.

Bistatic synthetic aperture radar (SAR) processing requires precise knowledge about geometrical parameters of the flown bistatic constellation, whereas estimation of these parameters is even more important than in the monostatic case. As it is impossible to separate the individual semimonostatic parameters from the bistatic raw data, the searched parameters are derived from the tracks of the moving platforms. For this reason, global positioning system (GPS) and inertial navigation system (INS) position and velocity data of transmitter and receiver are combined in an optimal way by a Kalman filter approach. As a consequence of model-based interpolation, we can easily determine varying parameters like Doppler centroid frequency, azimuth velocity, and the bistatic parameters a2 and a0 referring to the illuminated scene at each time instant. Accurately determined position and velocity of the transmitter and receiver enable a first-order bistatic motion compensation (MC), which is also described in this paper. In verifying our approach, GPS/INS tracks and raw data of a bistatic airborne SAR experiment flown in 2003 were used, where the data were provided by Forschungsgesellschaft fu umlr Angewandte Naturwissenschaften e.V., Wachtberg, Germany. The focusing was done by a scaled inverse Fourier transformation processor for nearly parallel trajectories for transmitter and receiver. This paper focuses on analyzing the trajectories and antenna beams of bistatic missions to obtain accurate processing parameters and MC functions.

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 11 )