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ScanSAR-to-Stripmap Mode Interferometry Processing Using ENVISAT/ASAR Data

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2 Author(s)
Bertran Ortiz, A. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA, USA ; Zebker, H.

Interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) images of geophysical events such as preeruptive volcano deformation or interseismic strain accumulation are often limited by phase distortions from the superimposed atmospheric signature. Additionally, the approximate monthly repeat cycle of many radar satellites cannot accurately capture rapidly time-varying processes. The Scanning Synthetic Aperture Radar (ScanSAR) mode of the ENVISAT/ASAR instrument permits more frequent revisits of a given area, potentially overcoming both of these limitations. In particular, stripmap mode-to-ScanSAR images provide a denser time series of interferograms than is possible with conventional stripmap-to-stripmap mode InSAR. We present images of ENVISAT/ASAR data acquired over Hawaii in which data acquired roughly weekly in ScanSAR mode are combined with ENVISAT/ASAR conventional stripmap mode data to form interferograms at a much denser temporal spacing. The burst nature of ScanSAR data requires a new processing method to form the interferograms. We use traditional matched filtering for the range compression. For the azimuth processing, we compute the stripmap mode data on the ScanSAR sampling grid using a variation, consisting of different reference functions, of Lanari's modified SPECAN algorithm that is itself an adaptation of the chirp z-transform to readjust the azimuth pulse spacing. The resulting interferograms faithfully reflect the phase of conventional interferograms, but exhibit fewer looks and coarser resolution than those produced by fully stripmap mode data. For many problems, temporal density of the deformation observations is paramount, and the time series analysis and temporal averaging that were made possible using ScanSAR interferograms far outweigh the loss in looks and resolution.

Published in:

Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2007

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