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FLUTE: Fast Lookup Table Based Rectilinear Steiner Minimal Tree Algorithm for VLSI Design

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2 Author(s)
Chu, C. ; Iowa State Univ., Ames ; Yiu-Chung Wong

In this paper, we present a very fast and accurate rectilinear Steiner minimal tree (RSMT) algorithm called fast lookup table estimation (FLUTE). FLUTE is based on a precomputed lookup table to make RSMT construction very fast and very accurate for low-degreeThe degree of a net is the number of pins in the net. nets. For high-degree nets, a net-breaking technique is proposed to reduce the net size until the table can be used. A scheme is also presented to allow users to control the tradeoff between accuracy and runtime. FLUTE is optimal for low-degree nets (up to degree 9 in our current implementation) and is still very accurate for nets up to degree 100. Therefore, it is particularly suitable for very large scale integration applications in which most nets have a degree of 30 or less. We show experimentally that, over 18 industrial circuits in the ISPD98 benchmark suite, FLUTE with default accuracy is more accurate than the Batched 1-Steiner heuristic and is almost as fast as a very efficient implementation of Prim's rectilinear minimum spanning tree algorithm.

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Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 1 )