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This paper proposes to encode pilot bits together with information bits by using a systematic encoder and applying them to an iterative receiver, where channel estimation and decoding are iteratively performed. This paper then shows why and how the encoded pilot bits can give a positive gain over a conventional uncoded pilot system. Specifically, this paper considers an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing system that is encoded by a low-density parity-check code under a frequency-selective fading channel and shows theoretical analysis as well as simulation results.
Date of Publication: Jan. 2008