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Cosine pattern synthesis for single and multiple main beam uniformly spaced linear arrays

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2 Author(s)
Werner, D.H. ; Commun. & Space Sci. Lab., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA ; Ferraro, A.

The method of cosine pattern synthesis for single- and multiple-main-beam equispaced linear arrays is introduced. The cosine pattern function is characterized by the position of the main beam in the θ-domain and its half-power beamwidth. The Fourier series and Woodward-Lawson methods are applied to the special cases of single- or multiple-main-beam cosine pattern synthesis. The patterns produced by application of these classical shaped-beam synthesis methods can then be used as initial patterns for iterative and perturbational techniques. Examples are presented and discussed, including the use of multiple-main-beam cosine pattern synthesis to design a high-power, high-frequency, ground-based transmitter for the creation of an array of `wireless' ionospheric dipoles

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:37 ,  Issue: 11 )