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Non-Invasive Brain-Computer Interface System to Operate Assistive Devices

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10 Author(s)
Febo Cincotti ; Laboratorio di Imaging Neuroelettrico e Brain Computer Interface, Fondazione Santa Lucia, IRCCS, Rome, 00179, Italy. +390651501466, +390651501465, f.cincotti@hsantalucia.it ; Fabio Aloise ; Simona Bufalari ; Gerwin Schalk
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In this pilot study, a system that allows disabled persons to improve or recover their mobility and communication within the surrounding environment was implemented and validated. The system is based on a software controller that offers to the user a communication interface that is matched with the individual's residual motor abilities. Fourteen patients with severe motor disabilities due to progressive neurodegenerative disorders were trained to use the system prototype under a rehabilitation program. All users utilized regular assistive control options (e.g., microswitches or head trackers) while four patients learned to operate the system by means of a non-invasive EEG-based Brain-Computer Interface, based on the subjects' voluntary modulations of EEG sensorimotor rhythms recorded on the scalp.

Published in:

2007 29th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society

Date of Conference:

22-26 Aug. 2007