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Composite Optical Bend Loss Sensor for Pressure and Shear Measurement

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4 Author(s)
Huang Chu-Yu ; Washington Univ., Seattle ; Wang Wei-Chih ; Wen-Jong Wu ; Ledoux, W.R.

A composite optical bend loss sensor for measuring 3-D forces has been developed. The sensor is composed of two optic fiber meshes which are embedded into a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) slab. The sensor consists of an array of optical fibers lying in perpendicular rows and columns sandwiched inside an elastomeric pad. A map of normal and shear stress is constructed based on observed macrobending through the intensity attenuation from physical deformation of two adjacent perpendicular fibers. Due to the new addition of the composite design and acrylic holder, the stability of the present sensor is found to be significantly better than our previously reported microfabricated optical bend loss sensor. In this paper, we will report the results of an optical bend loss simulation using the beam propagation method based on a series of images captured by a CCD camera on the fiber's bending curvatures. The result from the simulation will be compared with the results obtained from the experiment. Other results include vertical force and shear measurements at a single pressure point of the sensor. A force image algorithm is used to map the force distribution detected by the sensor. Here, we will present the results of six different shape patterns and two force magnitudes on each shape using a neural network system. We will also present a radio frequency sensor module, which we developed for the composite optical bend loss sensor for remote sensing.

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 11 )