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A Wireless Power Interface for Rechargeable Battery Operated Medical Implants

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2 Author(s)
Pengfei Li ; Florida Univ., Gainesville ; Bashirullah, R.

This brief presents a highly integrated wirelessly powered battery charging circuit for miniature lithium (Li)-ion rechargeable batteries used in medical implant applications. An inductive link and integrated Schottky barrier rectifying diodes are used to extract the DC signal from a power carrier while providing low forward voltage drop for improved efficiency. The battery charger employs a new control loop that relaxes comparator resolution requirements, provides simultaneous operation of constant-current and constant-voltage loops, and eliminates the external current sense resistor from the charging path. The accuracy of the end-of-charge (EOC) detection is primarily determined by the voltage drop across matched resistors and current-sources and the offset voltage of the sense comparator. Experimental results in 0.6-mum 3M-2P CMOS technology indicate that plusmn1.3% (or plusmn20 muA) EOC accuracy can be obtained under worst case conditions for a comparator offset voltage of plusmn5 mV. The circuit measures roughly 1.74 mm2 and dissipates 8.4 mW in the charging phase while delivering a load current of 1.5 mA at 4.1 V (or 6.15 mW) for an efficiency of 73%.

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Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:54 ,  Issue: 10 )