Skip to Main Content
We present simulated results of a unitraveling-carrier photodiode (UTC-PD) using the hydrodynamic carrier transportation model. A maximum responsivity of 0.25 A/W and a small-signal 3-dB bandwidth of 52 GHz were obtained for a 220-nm-thick InGaAs absorption layer. The physical properties of the UTC-PD have been investigated at different optical injection levels. Modulation of the energy-band profile due to the space charge effect has been observed at high injection level, and an electron velocity overshoot of 3 x 107 cm/s has been found to effectively delay the onset of space charge effects. Comparisons with reported simulated results using the drift-diffusion model as well as reported experimental results are presented. The results suggest the necessity of using the hydrodynamic transport equations to accurately model the UTC-PD. In addition, it has been corroborated that the photoresponse of the UTC-PD could be improved by incorporating a graded doping profile in the absorption layer.