Skip to Main Content
We propose discrete out-of-plane coupling components as a versatile alternative to current approaches used to couple light in and out of the propagation plane in waveguide-based printed circuit board (PCB)-level optical interconnections. The out-of-plane couplers feature a 45deg micromirror and are fabricated using deep proton writing as a rapid prototyping technology. Their fabrication is compatible with replication techniques and shows all the potential of low-cost mass fabrication. In a first configuration, we use the component in a fiber-to-fiber coupling scheme. Coupling losses as small as 0.77 dB were achieved. In a second configuration, the out-of-plane coupler is plugged into a laser ablated cavity in optical waveguides integrated on a PCB. Here a total link loss between out-of-plane fiber and in-plane fiber of 3.00 dB was achieved when using it at the transmitter side and 5.69 dB when using it at the receiver side.