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The paper presents the model of a voltage source converter -high voltage direct current (VSC-HVDC) suitable for optimal power flow (OPF) solutions using Newton's algorithm. The VSC-HVDC's ability to provide independent control of the converters ac voltage magnitudes and phase angles relative to the system voltage, which allows the use of separate active and reactive power control loops for system regulation, is well represented by the model. In this new development in Newton OPF, the VSC-HVDC system equations are incorporated directly into the matrix W for a unified optimal solution in a single frame-of-reference. The multipliers method is used to handle all inequality constraints of variables, leading to highly efficient OPF solutions of constrained power networks. The solution approach does not require structural changes in the linearised system of equations during the iterative process using Newton's method. The effectiveness of the VSC-HVDC model and its proposed implementation in Newton OPF is demonstrated by means of two sample systems.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2007