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Fast Tuneable InGaAsP DBR Laser Using Quantum-Confined Stark-Effect-Induced Refractive Index Change

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6 Author(s)

We report a monolithically integrated InGaAsP DBR ridge waveguide laser that uses the quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE) to achieve fast tuning response. The laser incorporates three sections: a forward-biased gain section, a reverse-biased phase section, and a reverse-biased DBR tuning section. The laser behavior is modeled using transmission matrix equations and tuning over ~8 nm is predicted. Devices were fabricated using post- growth shallow ion implantation to reduce the loss in the phase and DBR sections by quantum well intermixing. The lasing wavelength was measured while varying the reverse bias of the phase and DBR sections in the range 0 V to <-2.5 V. Tuning was noncontinuous over a ~7-nm-wavelength range, with a side-mode suppression ratio of ~20 dB. Coupled cavity effects due to the fabrication method used introduced discontinuities in tuning. The frequency modulation (FM) response was measured to be uniform within plusmn2 dB over the frequency range 10 MHz to 10 GHz, indicating that tuning times of 100 ps are possible.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 5 )