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A high-power, wide operation-range single-fundamental-mode InGaAs submonolayer (SML) quantum dot (QD) photonic crystal vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser (VCSEL) for fiber-optic applications was demonstrated. Single-fundamental-mode with a threshold current (Ith) of 0.9 mA and maximum continue-wave (CW) output power of 3.8 mW at 28 mA has been achieved in the 990 nm range. A side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) larger than 35 dB has been observed over the entire current operating range. The far field measurement shows that the beam divergence angle remains very small and almost unchanged between 6.7-6.9deg, with the operation range increasing from 3 to 20 mA.
Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of (Volume:13 , Issue: 5 )
Date of Publication: Sept.-oct. 2007