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Back-to-Back Reflector Antennas With Reduced Moment of Inertia for Spacecraft Spinning Platforms

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2 Author(s)
Bahadori, K. ; California Univ., Los Angeles ; Rahmat-Samii, Y.

A back-to-back reflector antenna system with reduced moment of inertia is proposed in order to address the demanding problem of supporting large reflector antennas on spinning platforms. The configuration provides additional potential advantages, such as reducing the spinning speed by half for a given sampling rate when both back-to-back reflectors are utilized. Geometrical parameters of the reflector are determined such that the moment of inertia of the rotating system is reduced. It is shown that these back-to-back reflectors suffer from a high cross-pol level in the asymmetrical plane due to the large feed offset angle. Two different methods are explored to alleviate the high cross-pol level problem. In the first method, a sub reflector is utilized to minimize the cross-pol level by satisfying the Mizugutchi condition. In the second method, a tri-mode matched feed horn is suggested to achieve a similar result. The suppressed cross-pol level puts forward the gravitationally balanced back-to-back reflector antenna systems as a potential candidate for future spacecraft antennas on spinning platforms.

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Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:55 ,  Issue: 10 )