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A Multiphase Car-Following Model of Traffic Flow and Numerical Tests

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3 Author(s)
Zhipeng Li ; Tongji Univ., Shanghai ; Fuqiang Liu ; Yuncai Liu

We present in this paper an empirical desired headway model for a single lane car-following theory based on the equation of motion of each vehicle. In this new model, traffic situation is suggested to be divided into car-following and free travel regions, and in car-following area the stimulus is a function of space difference between the current headway and the empirical desired headway with a constant sensitivity. We investigate this model with numerical method and it demonstrates some complex physical features observed in real traffic such as existence of three phases: free, synchronized, and jam flow; spontaneous formation of traffic jams; sudden flow drop in flow- density plane; local cluster effects in synchronized regime; traffic hysteresis in transition between the free and the synchronized flow. Furthermore, the proposed model also predicts that in the synchronized flow regime there exists a unique stable state to relative density, which is insusceptible to noise.

Published in:

Automation and Logistics, 2007 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

18-21 Aug. 2007