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In this correspondence, we propose a new approach to scale-space filtering using a box spline representation of multidimensional signals. The use of box splines is motivated by their ability to handle complex geometries better than tensor-product B-splines. The box spline we use is defined by a set of vectors invariant under the multiplication by a sampling matrix. We show that such a box spline satisfies a dilation equation which is the basis for the scale-space filtering we propose. Several numerical applications in 2D conclude the correspondence.