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The human visual system is able to perceive colors as approximately constant. This ability is known as color constancy. In contrast, the colors measured by a sensor vary with the type of illuminant used. Color constancy is very important for digital photography and automatic color-based object recognition. In digital photography, this ability is known under the name automatic white balance. A number of algorithms have been developed for color constancy. We review two well-known color constancy algorithms, the gray world assumption and the Retinex algorithm and show how a color constancy algorithm may be integrated into the JPEG2000 framework. Since computer images are usually stored in compressed form anyway, little overhead is required to add color constancy into the processing pipeline.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2007