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A Superconducting Nb3Sn Coated Multicell Accelerating Cavity

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2 Author(s)
Peiniger, M. ; University of Wuppertal, Department of Physics D-5600 Wuppertal, W. Germany ; Piel, H.

We report on the first results, obtained with a five cell Nb3Sn coated accelerating structure of 3 GHz. A uniform layer of Nb3Sn was formed by processing a niobium structure in a tin atmosphere at 1170°C. At 4.2 K a resonator Q of 7·109 was measured. This corresponds to a residual surface resistance of 27 n¿ which is the lowest ever achieved with a Nb3Sn cavity in the GHz range. The rf losses of this resonator are by a factor of 55 lower than those of an equivalent niobium cavity at 4.2 K. The maximum accelerating field at this temperature was 4.0 MV/m. It is similar to the quench field of the niobium structure before coating. The spatial distribution of the rf losses was measured at different field levels using the temperature mapping technique. We describe the characteristic features of the Nb3Sn layer, we report on residual losses specific to Nb3Sn coated niobium structures and we discuss the observed field limitations.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 5 )